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Pesticides

Pesticides:

Pesticides are liquid, solid and gaseous. Pesticides are used to kill pests in various industries. Pests such as insects, weeds, microbes that endanger human health and destroy plants, and the reason for their harm to humans is that they are toxic.

The US Department of Environmental Protection says that any substance used to prevent and destroy as well as to repel or control pests is called a pesticide.

If we want to go back in time and tell the history of pesticides, we can say that pesticides 2,000 years ago, humans used pesticides to protect their products, which at that time was the first sulfur pesticide that the ancient Sumerians in Mesopotamia. They used it. It is written in a religious book called Riguda, which is about 4,000 years old, that at that time poisonous plants were used to kill pests. In the 15th century, new antioxidants were discovered, such as arsenic, mercury, and lead. In the 17th century, plants such as tobacco, sulfate, nicotine were extracted and used as insecticides or pesticides.

18th century Iranians and Caucasians (Georgians) used chrysanthemums for insecticides. In the 20th century, the United States used Bordeaux as an insect repellent.

Pesticides

Types of pesticides:

1. Chemical pesticides

A) Organic pesticide
B) Synthetic pesticides

2. Biopesticides

Types of pesticides:

1- Herbicides: to eliminate weeds

2-Insecticide: To kill insects that damage plants

3-Fungicides: to eliminate harmful fungi

4- Bactericidal: to eliminate plant bacterial disease

5. Nematode cache: to eliminate or control worms

6- Mice killer: to kill and sterilize mice that damage agriculture

7. Rob cache: to kill and control snails and mollusks

8. Rodenticide: to kill rodents

9-Algae killer: to eliminate and control the growth of algae and moss

10. Egg killer: To kill and destroy the eggs of insects and animals such as mice

Pesticides

Pesticide side effects:

Many pesticides used to kill insects are harmful to human health and survival. You should note that their presence in lakes and rivers pollutes water and water resources. Acid rain that destroys the organisms in the water causes the acid in the water to increase, which in turn leads to the effects of using insecticides. Note that dropping and releasing pesticides into the water is very dangerous for the animals and creatures that live in and around the water.

Disease caused by pesticide use:

1. Asthma

2. Autism

3. Birth defects

4. Brain cancer

5. Leukemia

6. Childhood obesity

7. Delay in puberty of girls

8. Hypothyroidism

9- Cognitive development disability

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